feeding my own misguided insanity

Still No Conclusive Evidence Suggesting Syrian Government Used Chemical Weapons

September 4, 2013 Shem Radzikowski 7 Comments

As a side benefit of being laid up in bed for the last few days, I’ve managed to catch up on the arguments being put forward to the U.S. Congress regarding military intervention in Syria. There were a number of well-polished speeches, feisty comments and even attacks on Obama. Nevertheless, I felt that that the arguments skirted around the important issues and didn’t manage to prove ‘beyond a reasonable doubt’ that the Syrian government was responsible for the chemical attacks.

Scared to be a ‘Paper Tiger’

John Kerry, the U.S. Secretary of State, blundered his way through most of the questions but successfully managed to dodge those that required concrete answers. Maybe he’s not as hopeless as everyone makes him out to be. But based on all the statements that were provided, I still don’t see any evidence that would pin the blame on Assad’s forces.

For instance, Kerry said that there were many sources that confirmed the use of chemical weapons, however, when pressed to reveal how many of those sources actually proved Assad used the chemical weapons, he avoided the topic altogether citing regional instability. His answers didn’t surprise me at all, but I was surprised to see that nobody challenged or pushed to have these questions answered. Senator Rand Paul put forward a good series of comments, but even he didn’t manage to push Kerry to reveal any evidence on Assad’s guilt.

It seems as though the U.S. is more concerned about being seen as a ‘Paper Tiger’ rather than establishing Assad’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt prior to military intervention.[1]

There was talk of no “boots on the ground”, but various individuals questioned the effectiveness of such an intervention. After all, it would be pointless targeting the chemical weapons because the strike is likely to spread the toxin into the atmosphere causing even more harm. At best, the strikes would need to hit conventional targets in the hope of deterring Assad from further (alleged) use of chemical weapons. It is likely that a land-based attack would still be necessary in order to remove or neutralize the stockpiles.

French Declassified Report

Let’s not forget that the use of force against Assad’s army and positions is only justified if he is responsible for the attacks. When pushed for answers, Kerry was quick to hide behind a nine-page declassified French intelligence report released on Monday that claimed to show that Assad’s forces launched the attack.

With my limited French, I blundered through the original report and then studied a machine translated version for sections that I couldn’t fully grasp. I was expecting to see the evidence, instead, I found paragraphs containing only inconclusive statements. True, there was a list that outlined which chemical weapons Assad is said to be in possession of, such as: VX gas, sarin and mustard gas, but that’s as far as it went.

The report eluded to the fact that only government forces would be in a position to handle the neurotoxins and that rebel groups lacked any know-how. But even this is sketchy and misleading since most modern chemical weapons are fully sealed and ready for deployment. Even binary chemical weapons, those which consist of two chemicals that are mixed just before or at the time of deployment, can be housed within sealed artillery shells and released as standard munitions. Just take a look at the M687 which the US was still stockpiling till 1997 — you certainly don’t need a chemistry degree or a hazmat suit to fire this type of projectile.[2]

U.S. Assessment on Syria

Not even the recently declassified U.S. report, “Government Assessment of the Syrian Government’s Use of Chemical Weapons on August 21, 2013” released by the White House, managed to argue the point further. The closest they got to proof was to suggest that the opposition lacks the capability to flood the social media with fictitious videos:

We assess the Syrian opposition does not have the capability to fabricate all of the videos, physical symptoms verified by medical personnel and NGOs, and other information associated with this chemical attack.

Of course, any sane person could tell that this whole statement is flawed because the Syrian opposition doesn’t need any capability to fabricate the videos. All they [the opposition] need to do, or anybody else for that matter, is fire off a few artillery shells containing the nerve agents. The public, social media and NGOs can take care of the rest. There you have it, evidence. How can a video of symptoms be equal to evidence against Assad? It merely proves that chemical weapons were used.

It should also be noted that Russia claimed to have provided evidence in July to the U.N. which showed the rebels were behind a sarin gas attack in the village of Khan al-Assal in March 2012.[3]

Unclear Mandate for U.N. Inspectors

Getting the U.N. inspection team into Syria was necessary, but I was confused as to why the U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said[4]:

The mandate of this team is to determine the use of chemical weapons — whether there was or not the use of chemical weapons. It’s not to determine who has used against whom. We do not have that kind of mandate at this time.

If you’re going to all the trouble of sending an inspection team to Syria, in addition to verifying that a chemical attack took place, wouldn’t the U.N. be interested in establishing who was responsible? After all, if the earlier mentioned U.S. report is anything to go by, we already have so called evidence from “videos, physical symptoms verified by medical personnel and NGOs” that confirm the use of chemical weapons. What exactly was the inspection team’s role here?


I feel for the Syrian civilians caught up in the middle of this conflict and wish for a quick end to all the suffering. But as far as evidence is concerned, I’m not convinced.

We’ve heard of “high confidence” and “highly credible” evidence that led to military intervention; intervention that was later proved to be unjustified. How is this situation any different? At best, everything that’s been presented points to flimsy hearsay.

Evidence or not, it’s important to keep in mind that the use of force is lawful only when in exercise of self-defense in accordance with Article 51 of the United Nations Charter and/or when the Security Council approves such action — NOT whenever the U.S. feels like it.

I’m with President Putin on this one, it should first be “proved beyond doubt” that the Syrian government used chemical weapons; any military strikes without U.N. approval would be “an aggression“.

  1. In a 1956 interview with the American journalist Anna Louise Strong, Mao Zedong used the phrase to describe American imperialism: “In appearance it is very powerful but in reality it is nothing to be afraid of; it is a paper tiger. Outwardly a tiger, it is made of paper, unable to withstand the wind and the rain. I believe that is nothing but a paper tiger.” ^
  2. Hazmat Suit (hazardous materials suit) is a piece of personal protective equipment that consists of an impermeable whole-body garment worn as protection against hazardous materials. Such suits are often combined with self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) to ensure a supply of breathable air. ^
  3. International analysts say a chemical weapon attack occurred March 19 in the government-controlled Aleppo suburb of Khan al-Assal. Ambassador Vitaly Churkin blamed opposition fighters for the attack, which he said killed 26 people, including 16 military personnel, and injured 86 others. The rebels have blamed the government for the attack. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-202_162-57592880/russia-syrian-rebels-made-used-sarin-nerve-gas ^
  4. 3 September 2013 — With the United Nations chemical weapons team working “around the clock” to expedite analyses of samples taken in Syria, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today called on Security Council members to unite and develop an appropriate response should allegations regarding the use of such weapons prove true. http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=45760&Cr=syria&Cr1=#.UicCwT-V3ms ^


BBC News – Russia’s President Putin warns US over Syria action [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-23955655 [4 Sep. 2013].
Binary chemical weapon – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [Online]. [date unknown]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binary_chemical_weapon [4 Sep. 2013].
Government Assessment of the Syrian Government’s Use of Chemical Weapons on August 21, 2013 | The White House [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2013/08/30/government-assessment-syrian-government-s-use-chemical-weapons-august-21 [4 Sep. 2013].
Hazmat suit – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [Online]. [date unknown]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hazmat_suit [4 Sep. 2013].
How Does a Gas Mask Protect Against Chemical Warfare? [Online]. [date unknown]. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/08/130830-gas-masks-syria-israel-chemical-warfare/ [4 Sep. 2013].
iViews.com – The Subterfuge of Syrian Chemical Weapons [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.iviews.com/Articles/articles.asp?ref=IV1308-5510 [4 Sep. 2013].
Kerry: chemical weapons case “proved beyond reasonable doubt” — as it happened | World news | theguardian.com [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.theguardian.com/world/middle-east-live/2013/sep/03/syria-crisis-2-million-refugees-live [4 Sep. 2013].
Kerry: US Highly Confident Syrian Govt Used Chemical Weapons – Novinite.com – Sofia News Agency [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.novinite.com/articles/153295/Kerry%3A+US+Highly+Confident+Syrian+Govt+Used+Chemical+Weapons [4 Sep. 2013].
M687 – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [Online]. [date unknown]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M687 [4 Sep. 2013].
Map Accompanying USG Assessment on Syria.pdf [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/2013-08-30_map_accompanying_usg_assessment_on_syria.pdf [4 Sep. 2013].
Obama: Syria situation “threatens our national security” – POLITICO.com [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.politico.com/story/2013/08/syria-chemical-weapons-report-96089.html?hp=t1_3 [4 Sep. 2013].
Paper tiger – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [Online]. [date unknown]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paper_tiger [4 Sep. 2013].
Rand Paul Storms John Kerry, Gets “Owned” at Syria Military Action Hearing – 9/3/2013 – YouTube [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fEcch-r28Bc [4 Sep. 2013].
Russia: Syrian rebels made, used sarin nerve gas – CBS News [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-202_162-57592880/russia-syrian-rebels-made-used-sarin-nerve-gas/ [4 Sep. 2013].
Sarin – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [Online]. [date unknown]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarin [4 Sep. 2013].
Statement on Syria [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2013/08/213668.htm [4 Sep. 2013].
Syria chemical weapons attack blamed on Assad, but where’s the evidence? – CBS News [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-202_162-57600624/syria-chemical-weapons-attack-blamed-on-assad-but-wheres-the-evidence/ [4 Sep. 2013].
Syria crisis: Vladimir Putin under growing pressure | World news | The Guardian [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/sep/02/vladimir-putin-syria [4 Sep. 2013].
Syria military strike faces first test vote in Congress | Fox News [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2013/09/04/syria-military-strike-faces-first-test-vote/ [4 Sep. 2013].
Syrie_Synthèse nationale de renseignement déclassifié_02 09 2013 – syrie_synthese_nationale_de_renseignement_declassifie_02_09_2013.pdf [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.gouvernement.fr/sites/default/files/fichiers_joints/syrie_synthese_nationale_de_renseignement_declassifie_02_09_2013.pdf [4 Sep. 2013].
UN weapons inspectors return from Syria as clock ticks | World news | theguardian.com [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/aug/31/un-weapons-inspectors-syria-clock [4 Sep. 2013].
United Nations News Centre – Syria: with samples en route to labs, Ban calls on Security Council to develop response [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=45760&Cr=syria&Cr1=#.UicCwT-V3ms [4 Sep. 2013].
United Nations News Centre – Syria: with samples en route to labs, Ban calls on Security Council to develop response [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=45760&Cr=syria&Cr1=#.UicCwT-V3ms [4 Sep. 2013].
US has “high confidence” Syria carried out chemical attack that left 1,429 dead (update) | The Verge [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.theverge.com/2013/8/30/4676246/us-highly-confident-syria-carried-out-chemical-attack [4 Sep. 2013].
White House accuses Syrian regime in chemical attack [Online]. [date unknown]. http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2013/08/30/kerry-syria-chemical-weapons-obama/2742369/ [4 Sep. 2013].

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7 Comments → “Still No Conclusive Evidence Suggesting Syrian Government Used Chemical Weapons”

  1. Dirk M 10 years ago   Reply

    Simple question y would a government attack its own people rebel areas/ strongholds yes but residential areas seriously ? If it was done most likely by a 3rd party also insofar as chemical attacks go it was very inefficient wich raises the question … Was it even real …

  2. Dr.Shem 10 years ago   Reply

    Dirk, I’m not sure what’s being presented in the Australian media, but it has historically aligned itself with many mainstream U.S. media conglomerates to build support. The evidence that a chemical attack took place is there, however, who or which side was responsible is not clear. That’s the point. I don’t think it’s out of character for humans to target residential areas if it can send a powerful message. If the attack was by Assad’s forces, it could have been done as a deterrent to demonstrate to the rebel groups that he’s got nothing to lose. If it was the rebel groups, it may have been to cause exactly this level of international attention, get the U.S. on board to enforce the ‘red line’ on chemical weapons. There are plenty of 3rd parties that could benefit from the U.S. being involved. Even the U.S. could have been seen as benefiting, even if only to show Iran a show of force.

  3. Dirk M 10 years ago   Reply

    I think this summs it up

  4. Dirk M 10 years ago   Reply


  5. Dirk M 10 years ago   Reply

    I heard the most classic questions from an reporter to the whitehouse spokes person since USA says its been international law not to use chemical weapons (yet they all have tem duh) etc etc since ww1 I belive so the reporter asks was dropping bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki breaking the same law ?

  6. Dr.Shem 10 years ago   Reply

    Yeah, you’re quite right Dirk. Now they are arguing the tiny technicalities and trying to justify that firing missiles doesn’t count as war, but ‘boots on the ground’ does. It’s a fairly ridiculous argument considering that the mere presence of Soviet missiles was enough for the U.S. to go to ‘war’ with Cuba.

  7. Dirk M 10 years ago   Reply

    It’s idiotic libya is so much better now right ? It a total mess Obama has a piss weak argument it’s if rebels somehow get hold of Syrians chemical weapons it poses a threat to USA and that’s the reason they can attack so … weak if he’s a really declare war cause firing on a country is war. But I wish I had wraithion stock ;( went from 40 to 80 on news of war (they make tomahawk) 1.24mil each maybe it’s a share market play at world stage ;) sorry but in oozy stay the fuck out of it let things run their course… What if we wanted to have a rebellion in aus ? Will USA interfere ? According to USA a grenade is now WMD and ps mace is a chemical weapon hellloooo Shem this world is so wrong n so depressing at times

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